THWAITES (DANIEL) PLC - Annual Financial Report PR Newswire

Chairman’s Statement

The Company has benefited in this past year from the major investment programme that we embarked upon in 2016 and which has continued throughout the course of this last year. This has allowed us to continue to grow whilst dealing with some significant challenges to our cost base.

Turnover for the year was GBP92.2m (2017: GBP84.4), an increase of 9.2%. Operating profit has increased by GBP0.8m or 6.6% on last year to GBP12.9m (2017: GBP12.1m). Earnings per share increased by 79% to 13.8p (2017: 7.7p).

During the year we have continued our strategy of investing in our core pub estate, inns and hotels, whilst continuing to sell poorer quality properties, repositioning our estate into assets that are fit for the future.  Last year we reported that we were embarking on a major investment programme, and this has been a key focus of the year, with many of those projects now nearing completion. In addition we have acquired a new hotel in the Lake District. As a result of that net debt increased in the year from GBP47.6m at 31 March 2017 to GBP63.7m at 31 March 2018.


The strategy of the Company is to own and operate freehold properties and offer superb hospitality in outstanding properties in great locations. Our business is diverse and operates in several different markets and we believe that this diversity provides some resilience over the course of the business cycle.

Pubs & Inns

Pubs – We own and support an estate of high quality tenanted pubs, run by dedicated and talented individuals, who are attracted by the support package and investment that we offer to help them to realise their pub’s potential. Investment into our pubs is focused on creating sustainable, long term businesses with multiple income streams and strong food offerings. Where there is the potential and the demand we invest in letting bedrooms for our pubs to create an additional income stream to their restaurant and drinks businesses.

Brewery – Great beer is an important part of our heritage and customer offer. We are committed to continuing to brew fabulous beers and distribute them exclusively in our own properties. Our new brewery in Mellor Brook is nearing completion and we will start to brew interesting craft beers there as well as giving our customers the traditional ales that Thwaites is famous for.

Inns – We have a small but growing number of high quality inns that each have their own identity and support local suppliers. Our inns showcase our own beers, offer fantastic local food and comfortable rooms. We will acquire and develop these larger managed properties which ideally will have bedrooms as well as an excellent and exciting food and drink offering.


Hotels & Spas – Our collection of provincial hotels are individual in nature, but united in their conviviality, which allows our customers to feel comfortable and at home. We maintain our hotels in good order, provide high levels of service to our guests and a warm welcome. We are looking to add to the number of hotels that we own through acquisition and new build.


In the past few years we have placed much emphasis on the recruitment and retention of great team members who can help our customers to feel welcome and at home. As a result we have been working on developing and enhancing our employee proposition. One element of this has been our move away, last year, from being a national minimum wage employer. However developing new training and development programmes, together with increased focus on employee engagement, has also been important.

I am delighted that our People and Development Team was rewarded by being named as HR Team of the Year in the HR Distinction Awards. This was followed up by us being named in the Sunday Times Best Company to Work For in Yorkshire and Gloucestershire

New Offices and Brewery

We have been on site for much of the year building our new offices, brewery and stables in Mellor Brook and our plans to relocate from Blackburn are well advanced. We expect that the site will be handed back to us in July and that we will move in August.

Once we move to Mellor Brook, our old brewery site, much of which is derelict and in an increasing state of decay, will be demolished. This will have the benefit of removing the significant rates liability associated with it whilst plans for its redevelopment or sale are finalised. Whilst this may take some time and requires supplementary regeneration within Blackburn town centre we are resolved to wait until such time as we can extract full value from our land holdings in the town.

Acquisitions, developments and disposals

Last year’s developments at The Crown at Pooley Bridge, the Royal at Heysham, the Boot and Shoe, Lancaster and the Lister Barn, Malham have all provided a full contribution in the current year. Inevitably there have been a few teething problems as we have relaunched these businesses. Of particular challenge, has been the recruitment and training of several new teams at the same time, however the properties all show excellent promise for the future.

In March 2017 we acquired Middleton’s Hotel in York, a 56 bedroom property spread over six Grade II-listed buildings. We have undertaken some small works to improve the property, with more to come in this current year. I am pleased to say that the hotel has been fully integrated and is performing ahead of expectations.

In April 2017 we acquired Langdale Chase Hotel, on the banks of Lake Windermere, which has 29 bedrooms. We have plans to refurbish the main property and are considering the addition of a spa and further bedrooms. Our initial discussions with the planners have been positive and we believe that works will start during the course of this year.

In August 2017 we completed the Lodge at Solent, a new 54 bedroom lodge adjoining the Parsons Collar pub in Fareham, adjacent to the Solent Hotel & Spa. The Lodge got off to a strong start, followed by a slightly slower winter, however we are confident in its prospects and will benefit from a full year’s contribution in the current year.

The major redevelopment of the Beverley Arms in the East Riding of Yorkshire has been ongoing all year. Work started in June 2017 and whilst we had hoped to be open in April 2018 it is likely that the property will now open in July. We have started the recruitment and training of the new team and once open the property will be an exciting new addition to our Inns.

During the year we have sold 17 pubs from the bottom end of our estate.


An interim dividend of 1.10p (2017: 1.10p) was paid in January 2018 and the Board recommends a final dividend of 3.36p (2017: 3.36p). The Board will keep the level of dividend under review, and assess the level of future dividends in light of company performance.


There have been no changes to the Board during the course of the year.


I have often said in my report that we are lucky to have within the Company fantastic teams of people without whom we could not be the successful business that we are. Our strong family values and progressive attitude, demonstrated this year by some of the awards that we have won, continue to attract wonderful people and exciting new talent to the company.

In the second half of the year we initiated a project to look at how we run our hotels, questioning from the bottom up our team and management structures. These have not changed for many years, and whilst the structure has served us well in the past, the nature and mix of our hotel business has changed.

In March 2018 we undertook a full restructuring of our hotel operations, putting in place a new, more focused and dynamic operational structure which we believe will serve the business better for the future. Inevitably this led to some uncertainty, however I am pleased that the changes are now largely complete.

I would like to thank all our staff, customers, suppliers and shareholders for their support over the past year and wish everyone well for the year ahead.


The weather throughout the Spring and into April has been some of the worst that I can remember, and this has had an inevitable impact across all areas of the business, meaning that we have got off to a slightly slower start than we would have liked.

The coming year presents some uncertainties, particularly in our negotiations with the European Union over Brexit and the influence that outcome will have on our exchange rate, interest rates and economic growth. However our business is in good health, its assets are well invested, we are making good progress against our strategic objectives and we are well placed to weather any volatility that may present itself.

The significant investments that we have completed this year, together with the full year effect of those completed last year give us cause for confidence, and I am hopeful that we will once more make progress in the year to come.

Mrs Ann Yerburgh
12 June 2018

Operating Review


The beginning of the year started with considerable concerns about food and wage inflation, which threatened many areas of the cost base. At the same time consumer spending has been fickle, with a number of the major industry participants choosing to discount, particularly in the casual dining market and at the value end of the pub market. As a result the ability to pass cost increases on in full has been a challenge and in some areas of the business operating margins have been under pressure.

Sales have increased by 9%, and on a like for like basis, excluding acquisitions, they increased by 2.5%. Continued refurbishments, particularly in the hotels have been an important factor in supporting this growth. Despite pressure on food and labour margins EBITDA has increased to GBP20.2m (2017: GBP18.9m) an increase of 7.0%, group operating profit has increased to GBP12.9m (2017: GBP12.1m).

We have continued to place a significant emphasis on how we attract, recruit, train, develop and retain the best teams possible to run and support our various operations. We have put in place a new training and development at local level across all of our properties and have continued to undertake annual engagement surveys across the business. The shortage of available employees in the hospitality industry is becoming more acute, as has been predicted over the past few years, and it is our aim to be the employer of choice in all our local markets. It was very pleasing therefore to be named in the Sunday Times Regional Best Companies to Work For in Yorkshire and Gloucestershire and we are working towards a national listing.

We took the decision at the half year to refresh our websites once more, an operation that seems to be becoming an ongoing event every two to three years. This project is currently underway and will be completed at the start of the summer, with a relaunch in July. In part this has allowed us to consider how we market our bedroom stock, with the objective of slowing the seemingly inexorable rise in commissions payable to online booking agents. This cost which has been rising at an alarming rate in recent years as the market moves towards single platform providers at the expense of the owners and operators of the underlying hotels.

Our strategy remains focused on our pubs, inns and hotels and we have plans to continue to invest in them to secure our future growth.


We own a freehold estate of approximately 240 tenanted pubs, having sold 17 pubs in the year. Our pub estate encompasses community locals to destination food led pubs in both rural and town centre locations, ranging geographically from Cumbria to the Midlands, and from North Wales to Yorkshire. 

Our strategy has been consistent in recent years, focusing on the quality pubs within the estate, investing in them alongside proven operators to expand and improve the premises. We have focused on establishing good quality food offerings and where possible the development and refurbishment of bedrooms. Our strategy has been wholly focused on creating an estate of high quality, sustainable, growth businesses with several income streams.  Tenanted pub businesses are by nature diversified, with resilient earnings and when well invested, with dedicated operators operating profitable businesses, they should suffer from low levels of disruption from tenant churn and profits achieved should convert to high levels of cash generation.

Our trading started the first half of the year steadily, and by the half year we were broadly level year on year. Despite disposing of 17 more poorly performing pubs during the year this trend held up and has resulted in full year operating profits being almost exactly the same as last year. The mix of sales in our pubs continues to change with beer volumes declining in line with the market at about 4-5%, in favour of wines, spirits and soft drinks. Average EBITDA per pub increased during the year by 5%.

For the past ten years we have participated in the annual MCA Tenant Track Survey – which is an independent survey benchmarking the performance of our tenanted pub business against our peers. The survey places particular focus on our reputation and ethics, what we are like to deal with, the quality of the support that we offer, how we maintain and repair our properties and how we recruit and train new tenants as they become partners with us. We were pleased that this year we were once again ranked third in the top 13 UK tenanted pub companies posting an improved score to the previous year. During the year we did however see an increase in tenant churn which meant that at the year end there were 14 pubs (5% of the estate) which were looking for new tenants compared to four last year, a position which has since improved.

During the year we completed 25 development projects at a cost of GBP2.3m, continuing to make returns ahead of our hurdle rate of 20%. Major projects in the year have been completed at the Cock and Bottle in Tarleton, The Lindley Tap in Lindley and the Red Lion Stockton Heath – all of which have been successfully relaunched.

Last year we decided to trial some new managed pub concepts in pubs where the level of investment required meant that it was difficult to attract a third party operator. The first of these, the Grill and Grain at Hoghton, suffered a total loss from fire in April 2017. We have recouped our investment from our insurers following the year end and for the time being we have placed the redevelopment of the pub on hold whilst we focus on other projects.

We did not find any suitable pubs to acquire in the year, however we continue to look to add into our business good quality tenanted pubs with balanced income streams that we can either absorb into our existing tenanted estate or make significant investment to reposition as a managed operation. 


We continue to operate our small craft brewery in Blackburn and will move it in the next few months to our new site at Mellor Brook. The new brewery will allow us to continue to produce a range of seasonal and craft beers exclusively for sale in our own pubs, inns and hotels. We believe that this gives us a point of difference over other pub owning companies.


We own and manage a small portfolio of ‘Inns of Character’ and continue to seek high quality properties in outstanding locations to develop this collection. Our Inns have a busy bar at the hub, a home cooked food offering and high quality, comfortable accommodation – they focus on providing outstanding hospitality and offer an attractive and more personal alternative to the mid-market branded chains.

Our Inns have continued to grow, with sales in the current year increasing to GBP16.1m (2017: GBP13.3m) an increase of 21%, operating profits have increased by a comparable amount.

In the current year the Inns have benefited from a full year contribution from The Lister Barn and a part year contribution from The Crown at Pooley Bridge, which opened in May 2017.

In February 2016 we acquired the Beverley Arms in East Yorkshire. This property has been closed since acquisition and has been with our builders since June 2017. During the course of building works we have seen delays caused by problems to the groundworks and issues with asbestos. This will be a large and exciting addition to our inns, with 38 bedrooms, a bar and a restaurant, it is now due to open in July 2018.

We continue to look for new opportunities to grow our Inns portfolio and will make further acquisitions where we believe we can add value.

Hotels & Spas

We own and operate ten hotels which are geographically spread across the north and south of England. Our hotels are positioned towards the premium end of the market and most have leisure and spa facilities. They are all different, and we wish to develop them to promote the individual character of each hotel supported by a great food and drink offering with local nuances. Our vision, similar to our Inns, is to create a collection of interesting, characterful contemporary hotels that are the best in their local area.

The provincial hotel market continued to grow over the year and saw further increases in bedroom stock being added to the market. During the year our hotels grew their sales by 13%. Much of this increase reflects the acquisitions of Middleton’s in York in February 2017 and Langdale Chase on Lake Windermere in April 2017 together with the opening of The Lodge at Solent in August 2017.

Trading at our other hotels has been the subject of some disruption as a result of the accelerated refurbishment programme that we disclosed in last year’s report. During the year we have refurbished 67 bedrooms as well as the restaurant areas at Aztec, North Lakes and The Solent and the Spa and Pool Halls at Kettering and Cottons. As these project come to an end we will see the benefit of both undisturbed trading together with the anticipated returns on the investments that we have made. Despite this disruption occupancy increased by 4% year on year and our room rates net of commissions were broadly flat. As a result of this and other cost savings operating profit from our hotels increased in the year by 10%.

Last year, in response to the costly impact of the National Living Wage, we undertook a review of the whole of our hotel operations, seeking to redesign our operational structure to become more efficient. This project was completed at the year end and we hope that it will bring benefits in the current year.

Summary and outlook

Once again the last year has been an extremely busy one, with continuing investment in a good number of large and high quality investment schemes. We are working hard to settle in our new investments and are pleased with the early results from them. The successful launch of the Beverley Arms will be a significant part of our growth this coming year and the recruitment and training of the new team there has our full attention.

Our priority this year will be to cement the performance of the investment projects delivered last year, of which there are a good number, and to make a success of the new operational and management structure in our hotels. The delivery of our new website will give us a better opportunity to market our hotels directly to our guests, rather than through third parties. We also look forward to finalising our plans for the development of Langdale Chase. The business has good momentum and in the absence of any shocks we expect to make continued progress.

We will be highly selective in making any further acquisitions, but should the opportunities present themselves we will seek to acquire additional outstanding properties in great locations to grow the business for the future.

Financial Review


Turnover for the year ended 31 March 2018 increased by 9% to GBP92.2m (2017: GBP84.4m). Operating profit increased by 7% to GBP12.9m (2017: GBP12.1m).

The measurement of the interest rate swaps at fair value resulted in a profit of GBP1.3m (2017: a loss of GBP2.6m).

Profit before taxation for the year increased by 72% to GBP9.8m (2017: GBP5.7m).

Business Review

The key issues facing the Group are covered in the Chairman’s Statement and Strategic Report. The KPI’s used by the Group to monitor its overall financial position can be summarised as follows:

                                                2018  2017

Group                                           GBP’m GBP’m

Turnover                                        92.2  84.4

EBITDA                                          20.2  18.9

Depreciation                                    7.3   6.8

Operating profit                                12.9  12.1

Profit before tax                               9.8   5.7

Net debt                                        63.7  47.6

Earnings per share (pence)                      13.8  7.7

Pubs and Inns

                                                GBP’m GBP’m

Turnover                                        48.6  45.7

EBITDA                                          16.5  15.9

Depreciation                                    3.8   3.6

Operating profit (before Group central charges) 12.7  12.3

Average number
Tenanted                                        255   265
Managed                                         11    10

Hotels & Spas

                                                GBP’m GBP’m

Turnover                                        43.6  38.7

EBITDA                                          11.1  10.0

Depreciation                                    3.2   2.8

Operating profit (before Group central charges) 7.9   7.2

Average number
Hotels                                          8     6
Lodges                                          2     1

The principal non-financial indicators monitored by management are:

Pubs and Inns

Utility indices, beer quality, room occupancy rates, customer complaints, health and safety incidents, beer volumes and tenant recruitment.


Room occupancy rates, customer complaints, health and safety incidents, spa memberships and wedding and event numbers.

Interest rate swaps measured at fair value

The Group has interest rate swaps for GBP55m which are recognised as a financial liability. During the year ended 31 March 2018 the movement in the fair value of the interest rate swaps resulted in a credit to the profit and loss account of GBP1.3m (2017: a charge of GBP2.6m)

Interest payable

Net interest payable was GBP3.5m (2017: GBP3.0m) as loan capital increased from GBP50m at the start of the year to GBP66.5m at the end of the year. 


The tax charge on profit for the year was GBP1.7m, an effective rate of 17.3%.

Earnings per share

The earnings per share was 13.8p (2017: 7.7p).


An interim dividend of 1.10p has been paid and the Board recommends a final dividend of 3.36p, which will make a total of 4.46p for 2018 (2017: 4.46p).

Cash flow and financing

The Group’s net borrowing increased by GBP16.1m, from GBP47.6m at 31 March 2017 to GBP63.7m at 31 March 2018 due to capital expenditure.

The Group made deficit contributions to the defined benefit pension schemes of GBP2.2m (2017: GBP2.2m). Whilst these schemes were closed in August 2009, the Group is committed to funding the deficit on the scheme which was GBP34.9m, before tax, at 31 March 2018, an increase of GBP4.2m from GBP39.1m at 31 March 2017.

The Group has GBP45m of long term debt, GBP21.5m of bank loans and cash balances of GBP2.8m at 31 March 2018. The Group has three year bank facilities of GBP30m. of which £8.5m is undrawn at 31 March 2018, these facilities are sufficient to meet the requirements of the Group’s capital investment plans.


During the year we sold 17 pubs and four ancillary properties for a total of GBP3.2m generating a profit against book value, after disposal costs, of GBP0.1m.

In line with our accounting policy, 20% of our properties were subject to a
formal revaluation, and additionally an impairment review was carried out on the
rest of our property estate. This resulted in no overall change to the total
value of our property portfolio.

Treasury policy and financial risk management

Treasury policies are subject to Board approval. All borrowings are in sterling and comprise a mixture of fixed interest loans and facilities carrying LIBOR related floating rates. The Group has interest rate swaps for GBP55m where it is committed to pay the difference between LIBOR and fixed interest rates. At 31 March 2018 a financial liability of GBP18.3m has been recognised in respect of these interest rate swap contracts.

Kevin Wood
Finance Director
12 June 2018

31 MARCH 2018


                                                                     2018   2017
                                                                    GBP’m  GBP’m

                                                                    Total  Total

Turnover                                                             92.2   84.4

Cost of sales                                                      (68.1) (62.1)

Gross profit                                                         24.1   22.3

Distribution costs                                                  (3.7)  (3.2)

Administrative expenses                                             (7.5)  (7.0)

Operating profit                                                     12.9   12.1

Property disposals                                                    0.1    0.3

Profit before interest                                               13.0   12.4

Net interest payable                                                (3.5)  (3.0)
Profit (loss) on interest rate swaps measured at fair value           1.3  (2.6)

Finance charge on pension liability                                 (1.0)  (1.1)

Profit on ordinary activities before taxation                         9.8    5.7

Taxation on profit for the year                                     (1.7)  (1.2)

Profit on ordinary activities after taxation                          8.1    4.5


Dividends :                                              2018   2017

Ordinary paid per share 1.10p (2017 – 1.10p)              0.6    0.6

Ordinary recommended per 25p share 3.36p (2017 – 3.36p)   2.0    2.0

Earnings per ordinary share                             13.8p   7.7p

The final dividend of 3.36p per ordinary share in respect of the year ended 31 March 2018 will be paid on 17 July 2018 to shareholders on the register at 22 June 2018.


At 31 March 2018                                    2018     2017
                                                   GBP’m    GBP’m

___________________________________________     ________ ________

Fixed Assets

Tangible assets                                    289.5    270.9

Investments                                          3.1      3.2
__________________________________________      ________ ________

                                                   292.6    274.1

Current assets

Stocks                                               0.6      0.6

Trade and other debtors                             12.6     12.1

Cash at bank and in hand                             2.8      2.4
__________________________________________      ________ ________

                                                    16.0     15.1

Creditors due within one year

Trade and other creditors                         (14.7)   (12.1)

Net current assets                                1.3      3.0
_______________________________________         ________ ________

Total assets less current liabilities              293.9    277.1

Creditors due after one year                      (84.8)   (71.8)
_______________________________________         ________ ________

Net assets excluding pension liability             209.1    205.3
________________________________________        ________ ________

Pension liability                                 (34.9)   (39.1)
_____________________________________________   ________ ________

Net assets                                         174.2    166.2
_______________________________________         ________ ________

Capital and reserves

Called up share capital                             14.7     14.7

Capital redemption reserve                           1.1      1.1

Revaluation reserve                                 77.5     78.5

Profit and loss account                             80.9     71.9

_______________________________________________ ________ ________

Equity shareholders’ funds                         174.2    166.2
_________________________________________       ________ ________


For the year ended 31 March 2018

                                                            2018      2017
                                                           GBP’m     GBP’m
______________________________________________          ________ _________

Cash flow from operating activities                         19.5      15.0

Tax paid / refunded                                        (0.1)       0.1

Cash flow from financing activities                         10.9         -

Cash flow from investing activities                       (27.3)    (21.0)

Equity dividends paid                                      (2.6)     (2.6)
___________________________________________             ________  ________

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents             0.4     (8.5)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year               2.4      10.9
________________________________________________        ________ _________
Cash and cash equivalents at end of year                     2.8       2.4
Loan capital                                              (66.5)    (50.0)
__________________________________________________      ________ _________
Net debt                                                  (63.7)    (47.6)

Reconciliation of net cash flow to movement in net debt

Increase (decrease) in cash                                  0.4     (8.5)

Cash flow from increase in debt                           (16.5)     (5.0)
__________________________________________________      ________  ________

                                                          (16.1)    (13.5)

Net debt at beginning of year                             (47.6)    (34.1)
_____________________________________________           ________  ________

Net debt at end of year                                   (63.7)    (47.6)
__________________________________________              ________  ________

Notice of Meeting

Notice is hereby given that the Annual General Meeting of the Company will be held at The North Lakes Hotel and Spa, Ullswater Road, Penrith, Cumbria, CA11 8QT on Thursday 12 July 2018 at 12.00 noon for the transaction of the following business:

Ordinary Business

To consider, and if thought fit, pass the following resolutions which will be proposed as ordinary resolutions.

1.    To receive and adopt the accounts for the year ended 31 March 2018 and the reports of the directors and the auditor, to confirm the interim dividend and to approve and declare a final dividend for the year ended 31 March 2018

2.    To re-elect Mr RAJ Bailey as a director

3.    To re-elect Mrs AJM Yerburgh as a director

4.    To approve and confirm the remuneration of the directors for the year ended 31 March 2018

5.    To reappoint KPMG LLP as auditor and authorise the directors to determine their remuneration

Special Business

To consider, and if thought fit, pass the following resolutions of which resolutions 6 and 8 will be proposed as ordinary resolutions and resolution 7 as a special resolution.

6.    THAT, for the purposes of section 551 of the Companies Act 2006 (the Act) the directors of the Company be and are hereby generally and unconditionally authorised to exercise all powers of the Company to allot equity securities (within the meaning of section 560 of the Act) up to an amount equal to the aggregate nominal amount of the authorised but unissued share capital of the Company provided that this authority shall expire (unless previously renewed, varied or revoked by the Company in general meeting) at the conclusion of the next annual general meeting of the Company, save that the Company may before such expiry make an offer or agreement which would or might require relevant securities to be allotted after such expiry and the directors of the Company may allot relevant securities in pursuance of such an offer or agreement as if the authority conferred hereby had not expired.  

This authority is in substitution for any and all authorities previously conferred upon the directors for the purposes of section 551 of the Act, without prejudice to any allotments made pursuant to the terms of such authorities.

7.    THAT, subject to the passing of resolution 6 above, the directors of the Company be and are hereby empowered pursuant to section 570 of the Act to allot equity securities (within the meaning of section 560 of the Act) pursuant to the authority conferred by resolution 6 above as if section 561 of the Act did not apply to any such allotment provided that the power conferred by this resolution shall be limited to:

i. the allotment of equity securities for cash in connection with an issue or offer of equity securities (including, without limitation, under a rights issue, open offer or similar arrangement) to holders of equity  securities in proportion (as nearly as may be practicable) to their respective holdings of equity securities subject only to such exclusions or other arrangements as the directors of the Company may consider necessary or expedient to deal with fractional entitlements or legal or practical problems under the laws of any territory, or the requirements of any regulatory body or stock exchange in any territory; and

ii.                the allotment (otherwise than pursuant to resolution 7.1) of equity securities for cash up to an aggregate nominal amount of GBP735,343.

 The power conferred by this resolution 7 shall expire (unless previously renewed, revoked or varied by the Company in general meeting), at such time as the general authority conferred on the directors of the Company by resolution 6 above expires, except that the Company may at any time before such expiry make any offer or agreement which would or might require equity securities to be allotted after such expiry and the directors of the Company may allot equity securities in pursuance of such an offer or agreement as if the authority conferred hereby had not expired.

8.    To authorise the Company generally and unconditionally to make market purchases (within the meaning of section 693(4) of the Companies Act 2006) of ordinary shares of 25 pence each in the capital of the Company provided that:

i. the maximum aggregate number of ordinary shares that may be purchased is 5,882,750. Representing 10% of the issued share capital of the Company;

ii.                the minimum price (excluding expenses) which may be paid for each ordinary share is 25 pence.

iii.               the maximum price (excluding expenses) which may be paid for each ordinary share is an amount equal to 105 per cent of the average of the middle market quotations for an ordinary share of the Company (as derived from the ICAP Securities & Derivatives (ISDX) website) for the five business days immediately preceding the day on which the purchase is made; and

iv.               unless previously renewed, varied or revoked, the authority conferred by this resolution shall expire at the earlier of the conclusion of the Company’s next Annual General Meeting and the date which is six months from the end of the Company’s next financial year save that the Company may, before the expiry of the authority granted by this resolution, enter into a contract to purchase ordinary shares which will or may be executed wholly or partly after the expiry of such authority.


Resolution 6 – Authority to allot relevant securities

The Company requires the flexibility to allot shares from time to time. The directors are limited as to the number of shares they can at any time allot because allotment authority continues to be required under the Companies Act 2006 (the Act).

Accordingly, resolution 6 would grant this authority (until the next Annual General Meeting or unless such authority is revoked or renewed prior to such time) by authorising the directors (pursuant to section 551 of the Act) to allot relevant securities up to an amount equal to the aggregate nominal amount of the authorised but unissued share capital of the Company as at 31 March 2018. The directors believe it to be in the interests of the Company for the Board to be granted this authority, to enable the Board to take advantage of appropriate opportunities which may arise in the future.

Resolution 7 – Disapplication of statutory pre-emption rights

This resolution seeks to disapply the pre-emption rights provisions of section 561 of the Act in respect of the allotment of equity securities for cash pursuant to rights issues and other pre-emptive issues, and in respect of other issues of equity securities for cash up to an aggregate nominal value of GBP735,343, being an amount equal to approximately 5 per cent of the current issued share capital of the Company. If given, this power will expire at the same time as the authority referred to in resolution 5. The directors consider this power desirable due to the flexibility afforded by it.

Resolution 8 - Authority to make market purchases of shares

Resolution 8 seeks authority for the Company to make market purchases of its own ordinary shares. If passed, the resolution gives authority for the Company to purchase up to 5,882,750 of its ordinary shares, representing 10 per cent of the Company’s issued ordinary share capital.

Resolution 8 specifies the minimum and maximum prices which may be paid for any ordinary shares purchased under this authority. The authority will expire at the conclusion of the Company’s next Annual General Meeting in 2019 or, if earlier, the date which is six months from the end of the Company’s financial year which commenced on 1 April 2018.

Any shares purchased under this authority will be cancelled. As a member of the Company entitled to attend and vote at the meeting convened by this notice you are entitled to appoint another person as your proxy to exercise all or any of your rights to attend and to speak and vote in your place at the meeting. Your proxy need not be a member of the Company.

You may appoint more than one proxy in relation to the meeting convened by this notice provided that each proxy is appointed to exercise the rights attached to a different share or shares held by you. You may not appoint more than one proxy to exercise rights attached to any one share.

By order of the Board Mrs S. I. Woodward, A.C.I.S.

12 June 2018